A Murky Mandate Sierra Leone Chooses Continuity

Sierra Leone’s election offered a crucial health check for democracy in the region. Julius Maada Bio, given the mandate to lead again, will be tasked with continuing the project of democracy in Sierra Leone.

Sierra Leone, a West African nation steeped in a tumultuous political history, is now gripped in what was a highly anticipated and fiercely contested election. The nation is, quite decisively, at a critical junction as incumbent President Julius Maada Bio secured a second term amidst a fervour of discontent and growing opposition.

The political climate, simmering for months, appeared to have reached boiling point. Reports delineate a scenario where opponents decry economic mismanagement and alleged corruption, painting a picture of mounting dissatisfaction. As the economic downturn bites hard and accusations of graft become louder, Bio’s promise of progress—once the cornerstone of his appeal—is subjected to increasingly cynical scrutiny.

Yet, the unrest is not confined to harsh economic realities and vociferous political rhetoric. Disturbing reports of violence have cast a long, unsettling shadow over the electoral proceedings. The electoral process has been marred by violent clashes, allegations of police brutality, and incidents of intimidation, revealing a tense atmosphere that threatens to undermine the legitimacy of this democratic exercise.

From an international perspective, this election is viewed through a lens of apprehension and hope. Still healing from a brutal civil war in 2002 and its 2014 Ebola epidemic, Sierra Leone is seen as a litmus test for democracy in a region grappling with political instability. As such, how the country navigates its post-election period could signal pivotal political shifts within its borders and the broader West African landscape.

While ostensibly a domestic affair, Sierra Leone’s elections carry profound regional implications. Amidst the discord and rising tensions, they are a stark reminder that the journey to a robust, inclusive, and transparent democracy is often fraught with challenges. As this West African nation stands at the crossroads, the world watches, aware that the aftermath will reverberate beyond Sierra Leone’s borders.


To understand the present, it is necessary to see Sierra Leone’s past. Sierra Leone’s foray into democratic governance, since gaining independence in 1961, has been a road punctuated by military coups, civil war, and a grave health crisis.

The last elections, in 2018, marked a turning point. Julius Maada Bio, a former military leader, ascended to the presidency under the Sierra Leone People’s Party banner, replacing the long-ruling All People’s Congress (APC). Bio’s victory then stirred hope and apprehension, carrying the weight of promise for a nation weary from years of misgovernance and the scars of civil strife.

Bio’s administration has navigated a complex path, balancing the need for development against the realities of a still-recovering economy and post-conflict society. The president has implemented far-reaching reforms in sectors like education, but his tenure has been controversial. Allegations of economic mismanagement and corruption have been levelled against his government, and the country’s financial woes have only added fuel to the fire of discontent.

The ghosts of Sierra Leone’s violent past continue to linger in the shadows of its political present. The post-war rehabilitation, which started following the end of the civil war in 2002, has been a journey of healing and rebuilding, a challenging endeavour made all the more arduous by internal and external hurdles. Sierra Leone’s ongoing dance with democracy, reflected in the current elections, is thus a testament to its post-war recovery and a barometer of the remaining hurdles. It underscores the promise of progress, the pain of the past, and the potential for a more inclusive political future.


These Sierra Leonean elections over the years, charged with anticipation and strife, signify much more than a democratic process of choosing the nation’s next leader. They are a litmus test for Sierra Leone’s evolving democratic institutions, currently grappling with allegations of corruption, civil unrest, and the weight of economic grievances.

The stakes in this election are immense. At the heart of the fray is the durability of Sierra Leone’s democratic institutions. Will they withstand the brewing storm, or will they falter under pressure? The ballot box’s integrity, the accountability of law enforcement, and the freedom of expression were on trial, as incidents of violence and political hostility threatened to undermine the nation’s democratic fabric.

Regionally, Sierra Leone’s election carries considerable weight. West Africa, home to a tumultuous mix of fledgling democracies, entrenched autocracies, and fragile states, watches closely. Sierra Leone’s ability to conduct free, fair, and peaceful elections can set a strong precedent for democratic resilience amidst adversity.

The global community, too, is keenly monitoring the events unfolding in Sierra Leone. International observers and foreign diplomats perceive the elections as a bellwether for democratic consolidation in post-conflict states. Their intense focus underscores Sierra Leone’s broader significance—a microcosm of the challenges and triumphs on the path to democracy in a region steeped in complex socio-political dynamics.


Incumbent President Julius Maada Bio stood as a polarizing figure. A former military leader, Bio’s ascent to the presidency promised a new chapter for Sierra Leone. His tenure saw tangible strides, particularly in education reforms, projecting a leader committed to national development. Yet, accusations of economic mismanagement and alleged corruption have dented his image, casting a long shadow on his leadership.

The opposition front, represented mainly by Samura Kamara of the APC, wielded a potent challenge. Kamara presented a discourse centred around reviving the economy, combating corruption, and fostering inclusivity. However, he and his party carry their historical baggage, as allegations of corruption also tarnished APC’s previous tenure.


The current election is not without its scars. Incidents of election-related violence and alleged police brutality have marred the democratic exercise, with opposition headquarters not immune to the unrest. Allegations of manipulation and corruption have stoked tensions further, casting a shadow of uncertainty on the electoral process.

Meanwhile, while acknowledging the tension, international observers called for a transparent and fair process, fully aware of the profound implications a tarnished election could have on Sierra Leone’s democratic journey and the broader region’s stability. In this delicate dance of democracy, every step and misstep matters.


In an unanticipated turn of events, Bio secured a first-round victory in Sierra Leone’s election, securing 56 per cent of the votes. This defied earlier predictions by early polling, which doubted any candidate’s potential to reach the necessary 55 per cent threshold, thus warding off a second-round runoff. The prominent opposition figure, Kamara, trailed behind with a vote share of 41 per cent.

The speedy inauguration of Bio—occurring a mere hour after the official declaration of results—triggered a wave of jubilation amongst his loyalists. The streets of Freetown, Sierra Leone’s capital, teemed with zealous supporters swathed in green attire, a visual representation of Bio’s party’s colour, while his name echoed in the air.

Meanwhile, Kamara dismissed the outcome of the election as incredulous. However, the leading opposition candidate refrained from elaborating on any potential responses to these results. The recently held election presented a replay of the 2018 face-off between Bio and Kamara, an economist and former government minister. The former emerged victorious in that race, albeit by a slim margin.

Sierra Leone, however, faces even more challenging circumstances than those encountered five years ago. Currently, it is wrestling with unprecedented levels of inflation and unemployment. Moreover, it is suffering from acute food insecurity, one of the most severe in West Africa, highlighting the uphill task that awaits Bio’s administration.

While the opposition cries foul, this election, the fifth since Sierra Leone’s eleven-year civil war, continues the country’s trend of largely peaceful and accessible elections. Bio, given the mandate to lead again, will be tasked with continuing the project of democracy in Sierra Leone

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